Installing Windows NT as the First OS on the Hard Drive
Installing Windows NT on a hard drive that does not already have an OS begins differently, but is otherwise the same. Windows NT comes with three disks that contain a simplified version of Windows NT, enough to boot a PC and access the CD-ROM drive so that it can continue the installation from the CD-ROM as described above.
Insert setup disk 1 into the floppy drive and boot the PC. You will be asked to insert disk 2, followed by disk 3. After Windows NT has loaded these three disks, it can access the CD-ROM drive, and installation continues from the CD. The program on the CD that is executed at that point is Winnt.exe, named Winnt32.exe. This program can be run only after Windows NT has already been installed the first time; it is used to upgrade from an older version of NT to a new version or to install a corrupted version.
The three setup disks can later be used to boot the PC in the event that files on the hard drive become corrupted. You can also create a new set of bootable disks. How to do this is discussed later in the chapter.
Installing a Local Printer
After the Windows NT installation is complete, you will want to install a printer. Follow
these step-by-step directions:
1. Click Start, Settings, and then select Printers. The Printers screen displays.
2. Double-click on Add Printer. The Add Printer Wizard is displayed. If this is a local printer operating from the PC’s printer port, then select My Computer and click Next.
3. A list of ports is displayed. Select LPT1: and click Next.
4. A list of manufacturers and printers models is displayed. Select first the manufacturer and then the model from the lost. If your printer is not listed, and you have the printer driver for Windows NT on disk or CD-ROM, click Have Disk. Drivers designed for Windows 9x might or might not work. If you select a manufacturer and model from the Windows NT list, Windows NT will ask for the location of the \1386 directory where driver files are located. Insert the Windows NT CD-ROM and, if necessary, change the path to the files in the dialog box that is displayed.
5. Next you will be asked for the printer name, which will later appear in the list of available printers. Windows NT provides a default name, but you can select your own name. Click Next to continue.
6. Next, the Add Printer Wizard asks if this printer will be shared with others on a network. If you click Shared, you must enter a printer name unique to the network. If the printer is to be shared, you have to tell the system what operating systems are on the network that will use the printer. More than one OS can be selected. If the printer is only to be used by your PC, then click Not Shared and click Next to continue.
7. Next, print a test page. Select Yes to print the test page, and then click Finish to complete the installation. Close the Printer Screen.
Supporting Windows NT and Applications
Comprehensive coverage of Windows NT administration is beyond the scope of this book, but we will look at a few common procedures that apply to supporting a standalone NT PC using both 16-bit and 32-bit applications. How the boot process works and how to troubleshoot problems during booting will also be covered.